Neuromas are nerve-tissue tumors that can vary in severity from benign to malignant. They commonly occur near the endings of nerves and within them and most often manifest themselves on feet or fingers, But they can also appear elsewhere, such as hands, arms, legs, or even joints. The actual formation of a neuroma is caused by damaged tissue attempting to repair itself via scarring that subsequently thickens into tumors over time. If left unchecked, they may grow large enough to affect adjacent structures like bones and muscles.
Neuromas range from small pea-sized lumps to larger nodules measuring several centimeters across. Depending on their size and location, they may cause pain or discomfort when touched or pressed. The most common symptom associated with neuromas is pain when wearing shoes and walking due to pressure being placed directly onto the area where the neuroma has formed. Other symptoms may include tingling sensations, numbness, burning sensations, and muscle weakness in the affected area.
To accurately diagnose neuromas, imaging studies such as MRI scans or ultrasounds can be used to help confirm the diagnosis and eliminate other possible conditions. Treatment plans are tailored based on individual cases but commonly include medications like corticosteroids and NSAIDs paired with physical therapy for rehabilitation needs. Surgery is only a consideration when conservative methods, such as lifestyle changes and medicine, have proven ineffective.
Medical professionals rely on MRI technology to provide detailed images, which can help determine if surgery is the most suitable option for treating neuromas. Not only does this enable them to better target nerve tissue that needs removing, but it also reduces post-surgical complications and risk of recurrence – leading to a more successful treatment outcome.