Neuritis is an inflammatory condition of the peripheral nervous system that can present alarming symptoms, including pain, weakness, and paralysis. While it has been linked to diabetes or autoimmune diseases in many cases, direct trauma may likewise be a contributing factor. Treatment focuses on addressing the underlying cause as well as relieving associated symptoms. Neuritis typically occurs when inflammation affects one or more peripheral nerves.
This inflammation can cause damage to the myelin sheath that covers each nerve and interferes with normal nerve function. When this happens, messages from the brain cannot travel through the affected nerve correctly, resulting in malfunctioning muscles or sensations in the area served by the affected nerve. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of neuritis present in the body. Common signs include numbness, tingling sensation, pain due to inflammation, and muscle weakness that leads to difficulty with movement or balance.
To accurately diagnose neuritis, a podiatrist will factor in relevant medical history and symptoms as well as conduct physical exams. Should further evaluation be required, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans may be ordered alongside blood work that could indicate underlying causes like infections or autoimmune-related illnesses. Treatment of this condition typically includes medications such as corticosteroids, analgesics, and antibiotics. Alternative treatment solutions like physiotherapy are often employed for an optimal result when combined with other drugs.