Medical Definition For: Gout


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What is Gout?

The definition and meaning of Gout is below:

Gout is a common and painful form of arthritis caused by the accumulation of excessive amounts of uric acid in the body. It can occur suddenly, often with intense pain and swelling around joints or areas like toes, feet, and ankles – although any joint may be affected. Unfortunately for sufferers, this condition stems from sharp crystals forming in their joints as an effect of high levels leading to inflammation. The most common symptom of gout is an acute attack of intense pain caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in a joint. This may be accompanied by inflammation, swelling, tenderness, and stiffness of the affected joint. Other symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, and fatigue.

People with gout may also experience joint fluid accumulation as well as a reduced range of motion within the affected area. Gout, if left unchecked, could lead to serious health risks such as kidney stones and even failure. This condition is linked with increased chances of heart attacks or strokes due to elevated blood pressure, which can cause dangerous cardiovascular diseases.

Treating gout starts with medications that reduce dangerous uric acid levels in the body and some lifestyle modifications. Avoiding foods rich in purines is recommended to get the full benefit from treatment, which can increase your uric acid levels. Physical therapy, such as stretching or strength training, may help ease pain due to flare-ups while improving mobility at the same time.

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