A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint. It is a bony lump that forms at the base of the big toe and pushes against the side of the shoe. It can be painful and make it difficult to walk or wear shoes. The American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) recommends seeing a doctor if you have pain, swelling, or difficulty walking. A podiatrist is a medical professional specializing in foot health. He or she will assess the bunion and recommend treatments that may include rest, ice, exercise, shoe modification, or orthotics. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the deformity and relieve symptoms. Generally, conservative measures such as lifestyle changes should be tried before considering surgical options. It is important to discuss all your treatment options with your physician before making any decisions in relation to care.
The APMA also recommends regular foot exams by a podiatrist so that he or she can detect any foot problems early on and provide appropriate treatment. Seeing a podiatrist for bunion care can help relieve pain and prevent further deformity. The podiatrist can suggest the best shoes for your feet, prescribe orthotics to reduce stress on the bunion joint, and explain exercises that may help with the condition. By taking steps to address a bunion before it worsens, you will be able to enjoy comfortable and healthy feet.