Bone stress is a medical condition that can have severe ramifications for athletes and other individuals engaging in high-impact physical exertion or chemical trauma. Other causes are metabolic disorders such as osteoporosis, characterized by bone deterioration, resulting in reduced bone mass and density. Dietary deficiencies, hormonal changes, prolonged inactivity, or aging can cause osteoporosis.
Common symptoms of bone stress include pain, swelling, tenderness, and reduced mobility of the affected areas – with fractures being one of the worst possible outcomes if left unmanaged. This underscores why athletes should take extra care to prevent such conditions by avoiding repetitive strain whenever possible when exercising their feet, ankles, and legs.
To treat bone stress, a podiatrist can assist a patient through physical therapy, in which certain activities must be avoided – this is to build strength around the injured area. Pain-relieving medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) might be prescribed for relief, along with bracing or splinting, that provide extra support in areas not responding to treatment effectively. Injections are also available, reducing inflammation and providing pain alleviation if other strategies prove ineffective. In more severe cases, surgery may become necessary.
For optimal foot health, a podiatrist may suggest dietary, and lifestyle modifications that provide the body with essential nutrients like calcium and vitamin D. These components are vital to promoting bone recovery from stress-related injuries while maintaining healthy bones in the long run.