Medical Definition For: Ankle Sprain


> Ankle Sprain

What is Ankle Sprain?

The definition and meaning of Ankle Sprain is below:

Ankle sprains, caused by excessive force on the ligaments surrounding the joint, can cause severe pain and instability. Whether due to sports activities or uneven surfaces, these injuries are unfortunately common amongst athletes – particularly those who must make sudden changes in direction, such as when playing soccer or basketball. Depending on their severity, they can range from mild discomfort to an inability to bear weight.

Ankle sprains can range from mild to severe and cause a host of symptoms, including pain at the time of injury, swelling, bruising, tenderness around the joint area, and decreased strength or mobility. If any signs are still present beyond a few days following an initial ankle sprain injury, such as feeling unsteady when standing or walking on it—it is advised to seek medical counsel.

A successful diagnosis of ankle injuries requires an extensive evaluation by a physician or podiatrist, utilizing physical exams to assess muscle strength and gait, as well as imaging tests such as X-rays, ultrasounds, and MRIs if there is swelling present. The results can determine the presence of broken bones or ligament damage associated with the injury.

Treatment for an ankle sprain typically calls for rest, the elevation of the affected area, and the application of ice to reduce inflammation. Compression bandaging helps limit swelling, while non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs provide pain relief. Immobilization using splints or braces may be used as support during healing; physical therapy exercises can also help strengthen weakened muscles around the joint and improve the range of motion prior to activity resumption once full recovery is achieved. Surgery might be necessary in cases where extensive damage has been done to tendons or ligaments that cannot heal naturally with time.

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